1. worried my child’s brain into an understanding of the virtues and excellencies of that remarkable invention of man,
though I was young I tried hard to know/understand the advantages.
2. What of his carelessness
The result of what happened to his carelessness.
3. Carve my way to a place
Fight / make great efforts (to be one of them)
4. pullmans / captains of industry / how little traveled they
trains / industrial bosses / how ignorant they were.
5. with the wooden shoe going up, the polished boot descending.
Working class on the rise, ruling class on the decline.
Synonyms and antonyms
1. Give synonyms and synonymous expressions of the following.
Wretched / miserable
Imperishable / lasting
Decadent / degenerate
Withal / also
Habitation / abode
Wedlock / wed/ marriage
Edifice / structure
Tramp / vagabond
Remunerate / pay
Ascertain / discover
Replenish / refill
Delve / dig/explore
2. Give antonyms and antonymous expression of the following.
Sordid / noble
Meagre / adequate
Sanitary / dirty
Frantic / calm
Antiquated / modern
Incoherent / connected
Abnormally / logical/regularly
Renunciation / acceptance
Illusion / reality
Acquiesce / deny
Resent / defend/approve/accept
Exalt / despise/debase
Diction and Vocabulary
A. Fill in the blanks with words and expressions from the text.
3. With the exception of
4. am hard put
6. pitch in
7. forsooth/in reality/as a matter of fact
8. disinclines/ handicaps
11. at his prime
12. inasmuch as
B. Choose the word or expression that is most nearly the same in meaning as the italicized word or expression in the following sentences.
1. B 2. C 3. A 4. D 5. B 6. C 7. D 8. A 9. B 10. C 11. D 12. A
C. Translate the following into English.
He was born in a peasant family and grew up in poverty.
Don’t worry. Insurance company will redeem your loss.
When someone asked why I went overseas for further studies, I didn’t know how to answer their questions.
3 people were killed cruelly last night, and policemen are trying to ascertain the truth of the murder.
In past 10 years Jack only earned a meager wage of $500 per month.
Tom thought that trading second-hand cars/used-cars are very profitable. Sometimes he buys old one for $200, with a turn of the wrists, he can sell it for $400.
Captain Henry is on the leave. However once he was assigned an urgent task, he pitched himself into the work without the least hesitation
Since Mr. Johnson passed away, his wife became nominal & actual chief executive in this firm.
His son’s constitution is not so good that prone to disease.
The villain threw down the gun, fleeing along the street, with two policemen at the heels.
He listened to our persuasion, acquiescing in Bill’s suggestion.
Mr. Brown decided to endow and fund that university where he has been studied for 4 years.
Ill-trained workers easily produce shoddy products.
She doesn’t know how to find the way to solve financial crisis at home.